News and Events

Long recovery ahead for West Coast ports in aftermath of settlement

February 23rd, 2015
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  • Long recovery ahead for West Coast ports in aftermath of settlement Long recovery ahead for West Coast ports in aftermath of settlement

    Long recovery ahead for West Coast ports in aftermath of settlement

Long recovery ahead for West Coast ports in aftermath of settlement
Date: Feb 21, 2015
Source: Journal of Commerce

The tentative coastwide contract agreement that was reached Friday evening by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union and the Pacific Maritime Association, while most welcome, is just the beginning of a long process West Coast ports must endure to recover from the backlog of containers and vessels that have overwhelmed their operations the past four months, and to restore trust among shippers.

Industry experts agree that it will take months for Los Angeles, Long Beach, Oakland, Seattle and Tacoma — all among the 10 largest ports in the U.S. — to return to “normal” operations.

Even then, the old normal will not be good enough to accommodate the cargo surges that occur each week as vessels with capacities of as many as 14,000 20-foot containers descend upon West Coast ports. In fact, the brutal irony of the ILWU work slowdowns, and the PMA’s response of restricting night and weekend work, is that these actions compounded problems that were already occurring anyway because of the arrival of big ships operated by expanded carrier alliances.

The Port of Oakland stated Friday in a press release that it will take Oakland and other West Coast ports six to eight weeks to recover from the cargo backlog. Some industry analysts might say that is an ambitious schedule, given the magnitude of the cargo and vessel backlog at West Coast ports. Some say three months is a more realistic goal.

Furthermore, the tentative contract must […]

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PMA, ILWU Announce West Coast Waterfront Contract

February 22nd, 2015
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PMA, ILWU Announce West Coast Waterfront Contract
Date: Feb 20, 2015
Source: Pacific Maritime Association

FMCS, Cabinet Secretaries Played Key Roles SAN FRANCISCO (Feb. 20, 2015) – The Pacific Maritime Association and the International Longshore and Warehouse Union today announced a tentative agreement on a new five-year contract covering workers at all 29 West Coast ports. The deal was reached with assistance from U.S. Secretary of Labor Tom Perez and Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service Deputy Director Scot Beckenbaugh. The parties will not be releasing details of the agreement at this time. The agreement is subject to ratification by both parties.

“After more than nine months of negotiations, we are pleased to have reached an agreement that is good for workers and for the industry,” said PMA President James McKenna and ILWU President Bob McEllrath in a joint statement. “We are also pleased that our ports can now resume full operations.”

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PMA, ILWU REACH LABOR DEAL, TRUSTED SOURCES SAY

February 20th, 2015
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MARKET UPDATE
PMA, ILWU REACH LABOR DEAL, TRUSTED SOURCES SAY
Date: Feb 20, 2015
Source: Journal of Commerce

Word was spreading on Friday morning that West Coast dockworkers and employers reached an agreement around 9 p.m. on Thursday on a 5-year agreement that ends nine months of negotiations and signals a potential end to crippling West Coast port congestion.

One major forwarder on Friday was reporting the news internally based on several trusted sources that said the agreement had been reached. No details were released and the Pacific Maritime Association and International Longshore and Warehouse Union had not yet scheduled an announcement.

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PMA, ILWU quiet as West Coast ports work through backlog

February 20th, 2015
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MARKET UPDATE
PMA, ILWU quiet as West Coast ports work through backlog
Date: Feb 17, 2015
Source: Journal of Commerce

With at least 50 container ships anchored off the West Coast on Tuesday, the eyes of the international trade community were focused on San Francisco to learn if U.S. Secretary of Labor Thomas E. Perez could break the impasse in contract negotiations between the International Longshore and Warehouse Union and the Pacific Maritime Association.

Negotiations Tuesday continued late into the day, but neither the PMA nor the ILWU would discuss what was taking place behind closed doors.

Meanwhile, terminal operators in Seattle, Tacoma, Portland, Oakland, Los Angeles and Long Beach resumed vessel, yard and gate operations Tuesday after four days of on-again, off-again calls for labor by employers over the President’s Day weekend. The PMA since Thursday had maintained a policy of cancelling much of the work that called for overtime pay to longshoremen. The PMA said employers could no longer afford to pay longshoremen overtime wages for working at half speed.

Terminal operators were therefore working to clear out the backlog of containers that had accumulated at the ports over the weekend, and to finish working vessels that were at berth so newly-arrived vessels could be brought to berth. The Marine Exchange of Southern California reported that 22 containerships were at anchor Tuesday morning, one less than on Monday. Oakland said 19 vessels were at anchor or waiting outside of Golden Gate Bridge, and about nine vessels were at anchor outside of Tacoma.

This week could be […]

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CP strike ends after railroad, union agree to arbitration

February 17th, 2015
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  • CP strike ends after railroad, union agree to arbitration CP strike ends after railroad, union agree to arbitration

    CP strike ends after railroad, union agree to arbitration

CP strike ends after railroad, union agree to arbitration
Date: Feb 16, 2015
Source: Journal of Commerce

Canadian Pacific Railway and union locomotive engineers and conductors have agreed to enter into binding government arbitration, ending a strike that began Sunday and could have severely crippled U.S. and Canadian supply chains.

Full freight service is expected to resume Tuesday morning. The announcement, made on Monday afternoon, ends the strike of more than 3,000 Teamsters Canada Rail Conference workers that began midnight Sunday after the union and second-largest Canadian freight railroad failed to reach an agreement. The resulting reduced CP freight services would have hurt not just Canadian shippers, but also U.S. shippers that have diverted cargo away from U.S. West Coast ports through Canadian gateways, namely Port Metro Vancouver.

“This decision ensures both sides will get back to the table, and gets us back to moving Canada’s economy forward,” CP CEO E. Hunter Harrison said in a statement. “While we would have preferred a negotiated settlement, this is the right thing to do at this time.”

CP said the federal government would appoint an arbitrator, but said no other details were being released. The union didn’t issue an immediate statement, but ahead of the agreement had protested the threat of back-to-work legislation from Ottawa, saying the Harper government was favoring the railroad.

The union said talks with CP broke down over working conditions, namely CP’s refusal to honor collective agreements requiring train crews to rest after 10 straight […]

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Obama sending labor secretary to mediate ILWU-PMA dispute

February 17th, 2015
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Obama sending labor secretary to mediate ILWU-PMA dispute
Date: Feb 14, 2015
Source: Journal of Commerce

WASHINGTON, D.C. — President Obama is sending U.S. Labor Secretary Tom Perez to California to meet with International Longshore and Warehouse Union and Pacific Maritime Association negotiators to help them reach a contract as West Coast congestion nears a breaking point.

“The negotiations over the functioning of the West Coast Ports have been taking place for months with the Administration urging the parties to resolve their differences,” the White House said in a statement on Saturday. “Out of concern for the economic consequences of further delay, the President has directed his Secretary of Labor Tom Perez travel to California to meet with the parties to urge them to resolve their dispute quickly at the bargaining table.”

Perez, who is already in communication with both sides, will keep Obama updated on the status of the talks, according to the White House. Before the announcement made Saturday, the White House had balked at getting directly involved in talks and said it was confident both sides would be able to work out a deal.

But in recent weeks pressure on the Obama administration to get more involved has increased. More than a dozen lawmakers earlier this week via a resolution urged the president to “use all tools at his disposal,” including the Taft-Hartley Act, if there was a shutdown. Business groups, including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the National Retail Federation, have also urged the president to intervene.

Taft-Hartley allows the president to respond to […]

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PMA Halt Ship Work on Four of the next Five Days

February 12th, 2015
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  • PMA Halt Ship Work on Four of the next Five Days PMA Halt Ship Work on Four of the next Five Days

    PMA Halt Ship Work on Four of the next Five Days

The Journal of Commerce | February 11, 2015

The Pacific Maritime Association said its members will suspend U.S. West Coast vessel operations on four of the next five days rather than provide longshoremen with holiday or weekend pay for “severely diminished productivity.”

Vessel operations by the International Longshore and Warehouse Union will be suspended coastwide on Thursday (Lincoln’s Birthday), Saturday, Sunday and Monday (Washington’s Birthday).

Yard, gate and rail operations will continue at terminal operators’ discretion, the PMA said. Southern California terminal operators will expand daytime vessel operations on non-holiday weekdays.

The PMA’s action was the most far-reaching in a series of shutdowns of vessel operations during the acrimonious, nine-month-long contract negotiations between the employer group and the ILWU.

Employers suspended vessel operations last weekend. During the last month, employers have suspended most vessel operations on night shifts in order to clear container backlogs before vessel loading and unloading resumed the following morning.

The weekend and holiday shutdowns are driven by financial as well as operational considerations. Weekend and holiday pay scales are at least 50 percent above basic longshore wages.

“What they’re doing amounts to a strike with pay, and we will reduce the extent to which we pay premium rates for such a strike,” said PMA spokesman Wade Gates.

Work on weekends or holidays would range from $54 to $75 per hour for longshore workers and clerks, and between $77 and $92 per hour for foremen.

“PMA members have concluded that they will not conduct vessel operations on those dates, paying full shifts of ILWU workers such high rates for severely diminished productivity while the backlog of cargo at West Coast ports grows,” the employer association said in a statement.

Gridlock at West Coast ports has slowed supply chains and caused […]

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LA-Long Beach, Oakland, PNW congestion reaches critical stage

February 12th, 2015
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    LA-Long Beach, Oakland, PNW congestion reaches critical stage

The Journal of Commerce | February 03, 2015

Congestion in Los Angeles-Long Beach has reached a crisis stage with 20 container ships stuck at anchor Tuesday in the largest U.S. port complex — and no relief in sight.

The Marine Exchange of Southern California reported that the vessels at anchor increased by four since Monday. Shipping lines say vessels in recent weeks have been sitting at anchor for seven to 14 days, and when they proceed to berth, it takes another six to eight days to work the ships. Vessels in the trans-Pacific have been thrown so far off schedule that at least one line has no vessels available to carry containers from Asia because all of its ships are stuck on the West Coast.

Meanwhile, contract negotiations between the International Longshore and Warehouse Union and the Pacific Maritime Association appear to be going nowhere. Significant progress was made when the PMA on Jan. 26 confirmed that a tentative agreement was reached that would allow ILWU mechanics to inspect all chassis before they leave the marine terminals.

However, with hopes raised that a settlement could be forthcoming in a matter of weeks, ILWU negotiators reportedly stunned employers by returning to the bargaining table the next day with a dozen new demands, some of which are considered to be highly controversial.

Meanwhile, a dangerous standoff between employers and the ILWU continues. The PMA several weeks ago discontinued all vessel work on night shifts at all West Coast ports. Employers said the container yards had become so congested that night shifts would concentrate on clearing out the container yards so the yards would be able to accept containers when vessel work resumed the next morning.

The PMA said the crisis began to […]

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